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Jharkhand State Information - About Jharkhand India

Jharkhand that covers an area of 74677 km2 belongs to the eastern part of India and shares its border with Bihar in the North, Uttar Pradesh and Chattisgarh in the West, Orissa in the South and West Bengal in the East. The word Jharkhand means "The Land of Forests" . Ranchi is the capital of Jharkhand. Jharkhand state was officially established on 15 November 2000.

Jharkhand Map, Click for Jharkhand Political Map »

History of Jharkhand

In the view of the writers like Gautam Kumar Bera even before the period of Magadha's there existed a different geo-political, Cultural entity named Jharkhand. Kukara was the name given to Jharkhand during the Mughal Period.

During 1765 under the British Supremacy the state was known under the present title ie, Jharkhand which literally means "the land of forests and bushes". The conquest and colonization of Jharkhand by the British East India Company paved the way to resistance from the local inhabitants. The Adivasis of Jharkhand revolted against the British Colonial rule even before the First War of Indian Independence in 1857. The santhals under the leadership of Tilaka Manjhi were the warriors of the revolt which was faught during 1771-1900 AD. The uprisings under the leadership of Tilaka Manji were suppressed by the British Government by sending its troops. But the glowing mind of the Bhumji tribes who saw the cruelty of the British against their brothers revolted back in 1779 at Manbhum, present West Bengal. The thirst to restore the land of their ancestors from the clutches of the landlords increased in their mind daily and the revolt spread along rapidly among one tribe to other. Soon after the revolt of Manbhum tribes Chero' s came forward and during AD 1800 - AD 1807 they revolted against the British. Followed by them came the Oraons and from there it was spread towards the East and they revolted during the period of 1811-1813. 1820 saw the open revolts of Hos in Singhbum against landlords and British troops called Larka Kol Risings 1820-1821. Followingly came the greatKol Risings of 1832 that made the British upset.

Later came the Santhal Uprising of 1855 headed by the two brothers Sidhu and Kanhu who faught against the British bitterly but their fate too was the same as their brothers. Birsa Munda Revolt of 1895-1900 was the revolt that broke out next it became the largest and greatest tribal revolts. It also turned out as the last tribal revolt.

During 20th century Jharkhand saw a moderate approach rather than the bloody revolts of 19th century. With the declaration of the Chhotanagpur Tenancy Act of 1908 that Offers Protection to their lands the tribal leaders began concentrating over their socio- economic Development strategies. Tana Movement was started in 1914 by Jatra Oraon later in 1920 it merged with the freedom movement of Mahatma Gandhi, having a political view. In 1928 when the Simon Commission arrived at Patna the Chhotanagpur Unnati Samaj requested for its need to set up an independent state for the tribals. Their request for an independent state was not acceded by the Simon Commission and these paved way to the organizing of the Kisan Sabha in 1931. Further Kisan Sabha and Theble Oraon organized with their view to get hold of the political power. To gain the foothold the movement changed its outlook for almost six decades. Their thirst to attain political foothold became successful and they came out as a stronger political party but the need for a separate independent state was rejected by the various commissions. All these didn't reduced their spirit to fight for an independent state and it became a reality on 15 November 2000.

Languages of Jharkhand

Numerous languages are spoken by the people Of Jharkhand and these languages belongs to the Munda, Dravidian and the Indo-Aryan family of languages. Majority of the state population use the languages like Santhali, Angika, Hindi,and other Tribal languages.

Geography and Climate of Jharkhand

The state Jharkhand is situated on the Chota Nagpur Plateau from where the rivers Koel, Damodar, Kharkai, Brahmani and Subarnarekha originates and the upper watersheds of the rivers lie in Jharkhand. Majority of state is covered by forests land which supports the existence of the Tigers and Asian Elephants. Jharkhand state consist of the soil formed by the break down of rocks and stones. The composition of soil in the state is categorized under the following heads like Red soil, Micacious soil, Sandy soil, Black Soil, and Laterite soil.

RED SOIL - Found commonly in the Rajmahal area and the Damodar Valley.

MICACIOUS SOIL - it is a type of soil that contains particles of Mica and is found commonly in the Koderma, Jhumeritilaiya, Barkagaon and areas surrounding the Mandar Hill.

SANDY SOIL - commonly found in Hazaribagh and Dhanbad.

BLACK SOIL - Seen in Rajmahal area.

LATERITE SOIL - Generally found in the Western part of Ranchi, Palamu and parts of Santhal Parganas and Singhbhum.

Tourist Attractions of Jharkhand

The main tourist attractions of the state Jharkhand are Surajkund hot spring, Ranchi, apart from the various temples and colourful festivals.

Surajkund Not Spring : Surajkund hot spring which is also known as Suryakund is one of the major tourist attraction of the Indian state Jharkhand . It is a natural hot spring situated in the Hazaribag District of Jharkhand. Surajkund became popular for its hot water spring which contains sulphur that has healing properties. Due to this special features the Tourism Department of Jharkhand has planned to change Surajkund as an area which promotes Health Tourism by setting up spas, convention halls, massage parlours and so on.. The hot spring of surajkund is claimed to be the hottest one in India.

Ranchi : Ranchi the capital of Jharkhand state is known as the 'Manchester of the East' since it contibutes 50% of the mineral Resources from that of the total produce of the state. The state Was given the name Ranchi from the name of a local bird until 1927 the state was called Rachi. Ranchi attracts the tourist With the temples which bears historical evidences, and the parks with its diversities in Flaura and Fauna and the festivals. The temples of Ranchi are Rajrappa Mandir which is situated about 65 km away from Ranchi. The Goddess of these temple is Kali, she is also known as Chhinnamastika. It is a pilgrimage centre as well as a picnic spot.

Temples of Jharkhand : Pahari Temple known as the place heart of the city. Jagannathpur Temple that is built in an architectural style which is similar to that of the Puri temples that is 300 years old which is also famous for its Chariot festival or Rath yatra which conducts a large no of devotees every year. Durga Badi, Surya Temple, Parasnath or Shikharjee, Dewri Temple, Doranda Jain Mandir, Buddha Vihar are the other Famous temples that situates in Ranchi.

Temples of Jharkhand : Pahari Temple known as the place heart of the city. Jagannathpur Temple that is built in an architectural style which is similar to that of the Puri temples that is 300 years old which is also famous for its Chariot festival or Rath yatra which conducts a large no of devotees every year. Durga Badi, Surya Temple, Parasnath or Shikharjee, Dewri Temple, Doranda Jain Mandir, Buddha Vihar are the other Famous temples that situates in Ranchi.

There also exists water falls like Hundru, Hirni, Dasam, Panchghagh, Jonha. Among them the Hirni water falls are famous.

Shikharji / Sri Sameeta Sikharji : Shikharji situated in Jharkhand Giridih is one of the Major sacred pilgrimage centre among the jains . It is also Known as the Parasnath Hills. According to the Jains, among their twenty - four Thirthankaras twenty of them attained Nirvana from Shikharjee. This place consists of numerous temples too.

Jharkhand Came into existance on November 15, 2000
Jharkhand Land Area 74677 km2
Capital of Jharkhand Ranchi
Number of Districts in Jharkhand 12
Population of Jharkhand 2,69,09,428
Official Language of Jharkhand Hindi
State Animal Elephant
State Bird Koel
State Tree Sal
State Flower Lotus
Jharkhand is popular for Mineral Resources

Himachal Pradesh India

Know about the state of Jharkhand, India. Complete information about the state like Jharkhand History, Jharkhand Geography, Climate of Jharkhand etc.. Jharkhand Map showing political features.

 
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