The state of Haryana that belongs to the Kuru region of North India was formed on 1st November 1966. 'Adobe of God'is the Sanskrit meaning of the word Haryana. The state is referred as the cradle of Indus Valley and Vedic Civilization that flourished at the banks of the extinct Saraswati River. Chandigarh the union Territory is the capital of Haryana and also of Punjab. The Epic wars and other significant wars fought there has influenced the shaping of Indian History. Haryana was under the administration of Punjab Province in the British India. However, after independence the state became part of the Indian Union as the India's 17th state formed on linguistic basis in 1966.

Haryana Map, Click for Haryana Political Map »

Haryana Geography

Haryana state stretches for about 44212 and lies in the North of India forming frontiers with Himachal Pradesh to the North, Punjab and Rajastan to the West and South respectively. Its eastern border is defined by the river Yamuna along Uttarkhand and Uttar Pradesh. Since it surrounds Delhi in the northern, western and southern sides, a large area of the state is included in the National Capital Region. The major part of the state is constituted by the Yamuna-Gaggar plain, in the North East lies the Shivalik Hills, in the South the Aravalli Range and to the South East a semi-deserted sandy plain. These make up the four main Geographical regions of the state.

Rivers of Haryana

Saraswati, the now extinct river is believed to have flowed through the state of Haryana. The Eastern boundary of Haryana is surrounded by the river Yamuna. Its main seasonal river is Ghaggar rising between Yamuna and Sutlej from the outer Himalayas. Markanda which was earlier known as Aruna is the other seasonal river of Harayana that originates from Shivalik Hills and enters the state near Ambala. Excess water of Markanda river reaches the Sanisa Lake where it merge with Saraswati. Other major stream is the Tangari that rises in the Mewat hills. Indori, Dohan and Kasawati are the other rivers that rise from the Mewat Hills.

Haryana Climate

The State of Harayana experiences a climate that is similar to those of the states that lies in Northern Plains of India. During summer, the state goes through severe hot climate [at a high level of 50 degree Celsius] and the hottest months are May and June. In the winter Season, the state will shiver in the cold [below 1 degree Celsius] and the coldest months are December and January. The monsoon season, during the month of July and September brings in 80% of rainfall which often results in local floods.

Tourism in Haryana

The Tourism Corporation of India with authorization started its operation with only one resort in 1966 but in the future this was upgraded to 44 complexes which provides the tourist accommodation, food, exciting journeys, farm tourism and entertainment activities. The tourism activities of the state were promoted widely based on the view of highway tourism. Along the National Highways that pass through the state state tourist stops are arranged to outfit the needs of travellers.

Dabar-Bapora a renowned holy place on Tosham road is also the speciality of Haryana.The presence of Sufi's and the people who practices Ayurveda makes this place a peaceful one. Dabar Bapura that spreads about 50 acres is the habitat of a variety of Wild animals like rabbit, parrot, peacock, sanbhar and so on. Along with these their exits a number of temples that gives the place a holy atmosphere.

As a part of tourism development the state also provides 2 Golf Courses The Aravalli Golf Course at Faridabad and The High Way Golf Course near Karnal Lake at the National Highway 1. Surajkund Crafts Mela, held every year between February 1 and 15 at Faridabad near Delhi is also an attraction of Haryana tourism.

Some very basic useful information about Haryana State of India

The Haryana state information given below will help you get a basic understanding about Haryana.

Haryana Land Area 44,212 Sq.Kms
Capital of Haryana Chandigarh, which is also the capital of Punjab
Number of Haryana Districts 20
Population of Haryana 21, 144, 000
Official Language of Haryana Hindi
Haryanvi a dilect of Hindi is also widely spoken
State Animal Black Buck
State Bird Black Francolin
State Tree Peepal
State Flower Lotus
Literacy Rate 69.97%
Major Tourism Attraction of Haryana Adventure Tourism and Farm Tourism
Major Tourist Destinations in Haryana Badhkhal Lake, Kalka, Agroha, Karna Lake, Kurushetra, Morni Hills, Pinjore, Sultanpur Lake Bird Sanctuary, Surajkund, Tilyar Lake, Anagpur Dam.

Haryana State Information

Know all about the state of Haryana. Details about Haryana Geography, History, Climate, Tourism in Haryana and other useful information about Haryana State.